Skin Cancer [Don’t Ignore The Warning Signs!]

🦶We review the 3 types of skin cancer: Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma & Melanoma. As Well as how to Diagnose it!🦶

Skin cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the skin cells. It occurs when skin cells undergo genetic mutations that cause them to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. Skin cancer is primarily caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial sources like tanning beds. However, other factors such as genetics, certain medical conditions, and exposure to certain chemicals can also contribute to its development.

There are three major types of skin cancer:

Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC): BCC is the most common type of skin cancer, accounting for about 80% of cases. It usually appears on sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, scalp, neck, and shoulders. BCC grows slowly and rarely spreads to other parts of the body. It often appears as a pearly, translucent bump or a pinkish patch of skin.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC): SCC is the second most common type of skin cancer. It typically occurs on areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, ears, lips, and hands. SCC tends to grow more quickly than BCC and can spread to other areas of the body if left untreated. It often appears as a scaly, red, or crusted bump or a rapidly growing and non-healing sore.

Melanoma: Although less common than basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas, melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. It can develop anywhere on the body, including areas not exposed to the sun. Melanoma usually starts in pigmented cells called melanocytes, which produce the skin pigment melanin. Melanoma may resemble an existing mole or appear as a new dark spot or an irregularly shaped, multicolored lesion. It has the potential to metastasize (spread) to other parts of the body, making early detection crucial for successful treatment.

Symptoms and Warning Signs of Skin Cancer:

New or changing moles or growths on the skin.
Moles with irregular borders, uneven coloration, or a mixture of colors.
Moles or growths that increase in size, thickness, or height.
Sores that do not heal or continue to bleed.
Itchy, painful, or tender spots on the skin.
Lesions with asymmetrical shape or uneven edges.
Spots that evolve or change over time.
Prevention and Early Detection:

Protect your skin from harmful UV radiation by seeking shade, wearing protective clothing (including wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses), and using broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF regularly.
Avoid using tanning beds or sunlamps.
Perform regular self-examinations of your skin to check for any changes or suspicious growths.
Schedule regular skin cancer screenings with a dermatologist, especially if you have a personal or family history of skin cancer or other risk factors.
Report any concerning changes in your skin to a healthcare professional.

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Dr. Tomasz Biernacki received his Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree from Kent State College of Podiatric Medicine in 2013; he completed his Surgical Reconstructive Foot Surgery & Podiatric Medicine Residency in 2017; he completed 2 separate traveling Fellowships in Diabetic Surgery, Skin Grafting & Nerve Surgery. He is double board certified in Podiatric Medicine and separately in Foot & Ankle Surgery. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” about himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Biernacki is a licensed podiatrist in Michigan. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, prescription, or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Biernacki and you. It would be best if you did not change your health regimen or diet before consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions regarding a medical condition.